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托福语法考试举例讲解

   发布日期:2016-1-1

 

托福语法考试举例讲解
考点四 the more…the more…
此句式常表示…………”more在此处泛指比较级,此句式的特点是前后两句以逗号隔开,句子结构平行,而且谓语动词一致时,为避免重复常进行省略,
如:The more she slept, the less comfortable she felt.
   The greater the size, the easier it is for you to spot.
填空题中常需填入两个分句之一,因此看到the more结构,要注意选与其结构相近的另一半the more句式
例题:
(1)
The greater the population there is in a locality, ----for water, transportation, and disposal of refuse.
  (A) the greater the need there is
  (B) greater need
  (C) is there great need
  (D) the great need
答案:A
解释:这是典型的 “the more…,
 the more…” 句式, 意为…, …” 其逗号前后两部分结构要平行, 而且后一句可以不倒装, A 完全符合要求. C D 都缺少此固定句式所要求的第二个比较级; B 少定冠词the. 此句亦可改写为: If there is greater population in a locality, there will be greater need for water, transportation, and disposal of refuse.
(2)
The less the surface of the ground yields to the weight of the body of a runner, ---- to the body.
 (A) the stress it is greater
 (B) greater is the stress
 (C) greater stress is
 (D) the greater the stress
答案:D
解释:此句涉及比较级的特殊句式the more..., the more..., 此句式要求前后结构平行,当谓语一致时,后面的可省略,符合要求的只有D

考点五 no longer /not…any longer
no longer /not…any longerno more/not…any more都表示不再……”,
如:He no longer smokes. / He doesn't smoke any longer.
注意no longer /not…any longer不要混用,no more /not…any more同理,这一句式在改错题中出现。
例题:
(1)
   Although it is any longer the big business that it was in the forties, radio continues to be a medium of essential communication, especially at the local level.
应改为:no longer.
解释:根据句意此处应为否定不再是...,英文中有两种方式表达此意, no longer / not...any longer, 此句只能采用前者, 若用后者语序应为: it is not the big business that it was in the forties any longer

 

 
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